### 3.4.10 食材知识 #### (1) 功能说明 常见食材的主要功效、保存方法、选购方法、紧急人群、适宜人群、主要成分、做法、营养价值、食用方法、热量等基础属性的查询;同时可查询两种食材的宜忌关系;新增食疗场景(节气、人群、功效、症状)宜吃建议、忌吃建议、相关菜谱的查询,以及营养物质富含食材的查询。 #### (2) 接口说明 **请求方法** * POST **请求地址** * http://api.ruyi.ai/v1/message **请求参数说明** |参数名 |参数类型 | 是否必须 |参数说明 | :-----| :---| :---:|:----- |q |String| 是| 自然语言表达,例如"猪肉的热量是多少"等 |app_key| String|是 |应用开发者秘钥,注册开发者后台账号,建立虚拟助理后获得 |user_id |String| 是 |用户唯一标识,便于支持个性化语义解析。建议开发者使用 UUID 字符,且不同用户必须用不同的 user_id,防止意图串。 #### (3) 返回说明 **返回参数说明** |名称 |类型| 说明 |:---|:---|:--- |code |Integer | 返回代码 |msg | String |返回代码描述 |parameters|JSON Object |解析到的实体以及服务说明 |action|String|服务的接口名称 |name| String|匹配的意图名称 |result | JSON Object| 接口返回内容 |outputs| Array| 服务输出结果,微信端使用 type 类型为 wechat 开头的内容;硬件端收到所有内容,依据需求解析使用 **返回代码说明** |返回代码 |错误类型|说明 |:---|:---|:--- |0/200 |成功 |请求成功 |400 |无效请求 |某些必需参数缺失或参数值错误,详见msg字段 |401 |未授权 |授权失败,app_key缺失或错误 |403 |请求被禁止|有效请求,但服务拒绝响应,请联系contact@ruyi.ai |408 |请求超时 |请求响应超时,一般响应时间设置为2000ms以内 |429 |短时间内大量访问 |短时间内请求数过多 |500 |内部错误 |服务处理异常 |503 |服务不可用|服务异常或正在维护 #### (4) 请求示例 **请求范例** _猪肉的主要功效是什么_ _火龙果的营养价值_ _苹果的主要成分是什么_ _羊肉适合什么吃_ _大蒜的禁忌人群_ _怎么挑选好的龙虾_ _西兰花怎么保存_ _猪肉和杏仁可以一起吃吗_ _美容适合吃什么_ _孕妇饮食上要注意什么_ _推荐一下适合减肥的菜谱_ _补铁吃什么_ **请求示例** * http://api.ruyi.ai/ruyi-api/v1/message?app_key=APP_KEY&user_id=user0&q=猪肉的主要功效是什么 返回结果 ```json { code: 0, msg: "ok", result: { _text: "猪肉的功效是什么", msg_id: "5dbcf78b-3030-4f5f-b433-3a5ff2b9acb6", intents: [{ parameters: { id: "03d92f383620e301dc0511839754d0930d32a45e", name: "猪肉", 标签云: "你可以说:怎么选购大葱,什么人不能吃羊肉,洋葱的营养价值", service: "yinshi" }, action: "kg.entities", name: "主要功效-healthEffects", result: { code: 200, response: { storageInstruction: [ "买回的猪肉先用水洗净,饭后分割成小块,分别装入保鲜袋,再放入冰箱冷冻保存,或者先冷冻一会,等冻结后再分开放,这样就不会黏在一起了。" ], healthEffects: [ "1.补充蛋白质和脂肪酸猪肉为人类提供优质蛋白质和必需的脂肪酸。猪肉可提供血红素(有机铁)和促进铁吸收的半胱氨酸,能改善缺铁性贫血。2.补肾滋阴猪肉性平味甘,有润肠胃、生津液、补肾气、解热毒的功效,主治热病伤津、消渴羸瘦、肾虚体弱、产后血虚、燥咳、便秘、补虚、滋阴、润燥、滋肝阴、润肌肤、利小便和止消渴。3.润燥猪肉煮汤饮下可急补由于津液不足引起的烦燥、干咳、便秘和难产。" ], suitableAudience: [ "一般人都可食用。适宜阴虚不足,头晕,贫血,老人燥咳无痰,大便干结,以及营养不良者食用。" ], suitableProduct: [], 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"aba9153c-335e-31e9-a3c2-d5e73dd10d6c", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", out: { image: "https://s1.cdn.xiangha.com/shicai/201310/08183539579.jpg/MTUweDE1MA", @id: "560b6f7ca0f14409d079694bfdf71b350bab64f3", @type: "FoodIngredient", name: "黄豆" } }, { reason: "减少铜的吸收", @id: "f89bc397-da9c-3f43-8e30-deda51d0b2d1", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", out: { image: "https://s1.cdn.xiangha.com/shicai/201508/051944228300.jpg/MTUweDE1MA", @id: "9e597d6ef0b7fde8be76546e5b5b6293693a3ea3", @type: "FoodIngredient", name: "菠菜" } } ], eatingInstruction: [ "1.猪肉要斜切,猪肉的肉质比较细、筋少,如横切,炒熟后变得凌乱散碎,如斜切,即可使其不破碎,吃起来又不塞牙;猪肉不宜长时间泡水。2.猪肉烹调前莫用热水清洗,因猪肉中含有一种肌溶蛋白的物质,在15摄氏度以上的水中易溶解,若用热水浸泡就会散失很多营养,同时口味也欠佳。3.猪肉应煮熟,因为猪肉中有时会有寄生虫,如果生吃或调理不完全时,可能会在肝脏或脑部寄生有钩绦虫。4.食用猪肉后不宜大量饮茶,因为茶叶的鞣酸会与蛋白质合成具有收敛性的鞣酸蛋白质,使肠蠕动减慢,延长粪便在肠道中的滞留时间,不但易造成便秘,而且还增加了有毒物质和致癌物质的吸收,影响健康。" ], unsuitableAudience: [ "湿热痰滞内蕴者、外感病人忌食;肥胖、血脂较高、高血压者慎食。" ], entityScore: 0, alternateName: [], @id: "03d92f383620e301dc0511839754d0930d32a45e", nutritionValue: [ "1.猪肉的蛋白质属优质蛋白质,含有人体全部必需氨基酸。2.猪肉富含铁,是人体血液中红细胞的生成和功能维持所必须的。3.猪肉是维生素的主要膳食来源,特别是精猪肉中维生素B1的含量丰富。猪肉中还含有较多的对脂肪合成和分解有重要作用的维生素B2。" ], description: "猪肉又名豚肉,是主要家畜之一。属猪科动物。其性味甘咸平,含有丰富的蛋白质及脂肪、碳水化合物、钙、磷、铁等成分。猪肉是日常生活的主要副食品,具有补虚强身,滋阴润燥、丰肌泽肤的作用。凡病后体弱、产后血虚、面黄赢瘦者,皆可用之作营养滋补之品。猪又名豕、豚。因饲养简易,又具有骨细筋少肉多的特点,为日常食用肉最多的一种。历代医家认为:“猪,为用最多,惟肉不宜多食,令人暴肥,盖虚肌所致也。”“凡肉有补,惟猪肉无补。”“以肉补阴,是以火济水,盖肉性入胃便湿热,热生痰,痰生则气不降,而诸症作矣。”所以对阴虚血虚患者多吃猪肉无益。然而,据报道,日本琉球大学教授通过调查发现,猪肉如果调煮得宜,它亦可成为“长寿之药”。调查结果发现,某地八十岁以上的长寿老人们几乎每天都吃猪肉,主要由于烹调方法不同,猪肉煮的时间都很长,先将猪肉煮二三小时后,再加入海带或萝卜又煮一小时,做成一种汤菜食用。经过化验分析,猪肉经长时间炖煮后,脂肪会减少30-50%,不饱和脂肪酸增加,而胆固醇含量大大降低。猪肉虽是日常食品,一般健康人和患有疾病之人均能食之,但多食令人虚肥,大动风痰,多食或冷食易引起胃肠饱胀或腹胀腹泻。对于脂肪肉及猪油,患高血压或偏瘫(中风)病者及肠胃虚寒、虚肥身体、痰湿盛、宿食不化者应慎食或少食之。一般入药均为猪瘦肉。", name: "猪肉", buyingInstruction: [ "1.优质的猪肉:脂肪白而硬,且带有香味。肉的外面往往有一层稍带干燥的膜,肉质紧密,富有弹性,手指压后凹陷处立即复原。2.次鲜肉:肉色较鲜肉暗,缺乏光泽,脂肪呈灰白色;表面带有黏性,稍有酸败霉味;肉质松软,弹性小,轻压后凹处不能及时复原;肉切开后表面潮湿,会渗出混浊的肉汁。变质肉则黏性大,表面比较干燥,颜色为灰褐色;肉质松软无弹性,指压后凹处不能复原,留有明显痕迹。3.死猪肉:外观呈暗红色,肌肉间毛细血管中有紫色淤血的不要购买。4.米猪肉:肉内带有囊虫,它是绿虫的幼虫。其最显著的特征是瘦肉中有呈椭圆形、乳白色、半透明水泡,大小不等,从外表看,像是肉中夹着米粒的不要购买。5.其他:买猪肉时,拔一根或数根猪毛,仔细看其毛根,如果毛根发红,则是病猪;如果毛根白净,则不是病猪。" ], calories: "395", containsNutritionElement: [{ unitText: "克", @id: "b0d1b0dc-9565-3337-bef7-7491687aead2", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "30.8", out: { @id: "37da43adbbc23bbea72d45dd966abf3753b36e38", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "脂肪" } }, { unitText: "克", @id: "9db96275-6aa5-3c66-a476-cc1873a9fe52", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "14.6", out: { @id: "002f13fa770a38ebf764fc642e6798343a794da0", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "蛋白质" } }, { unitText: "克", @id: "be2cc294-3985-3b1c-9f1d-fddb71d17976", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "1.1", out: { @id: "3279e90755094e8726c37706cec0526352489a9d", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "碳水化合物" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "4763c1d1-c870-311d-a306-08edc4ad01ef", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "162", out: { @id: "028723ee7cae2453c97350491ef6e9233543f17b", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "钾" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "80837bfb-ccf1-3f8b-a576-7298547eda1f", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "130", out: { @id: "ffa186c7c7fa0c14036f2a1b03ccf8d44d7d9586", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "磷" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "73b1af69-74af-3255-bed1-c6ed84974983", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "69", out: { @id: "b5db0b3a5039c810c92363551841c8c206f67efa", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "胆固醇" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "29a76e97-d70f-3cfb-9d3d-8c7544b35c6f", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "57.5", out: { @id: "099f6bf770e397db40ba0ccd7980c1f0efb8500b", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "钠" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "c5aa1a6d-e403-35c9-b6a4-4dc6b0bc22b5", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "12", out: { @id: "82eead1726a8fb12da076bd4a1ae7f4df26ec847", @type: 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"3119a6eacdd8c20fa16e8fd3e8b647f12a81ef7f", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "维生素E" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "6460e075-e84f-388d-91fd-479bb67dafcc", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "0.84", out: { @id: "eb88175b76d64bbf9ca8fd8c201deabf328d664a", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "锌" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "16e8314a-8d5c-3841-bfea-53644f15efd1", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "0.26", out: { @id: null, @type: "NutritionElement", name: "维生素B1" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "7f6c0e02-c2d5-3986-8592-cc373a8c1cfe", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "0.13", out: { @id: "7f1e0a7fafc7f58d87a8a167e7903df6b6d061bd", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "铜" } }, { unitText: "毫克", @id: "8d254b6f-9e64-35ea-97b3-4a7afe1aefd3", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "0.11", out: { @id: null, @type: "NutritionElement", name: "维生素B2" } }, { unitText: "微克", @id: "9e0ead03-a32a-37bd-b93a-bda1460dc672", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "16", out: { @id: "0cc0a29ed0b67c8e20580ec321d85732bcb8773b", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "维生素A" } }, { unitText: "微克", @id: "aeeda5d0-b3c3-3f88-bf49-f025fe1d4d72", @type: "BinaryRelationOut", value: "2.94", out: { @id: "481af636f8d2d8888b227666a1d9cad24549ecc7", @type: "NutritionElement", name: "硒" } } ], @type: [ "FoodIngredient", "Thing" ] }, text: "猪肉的主要功效有: 1. 补充蛋白质和脂肪酸猪肉为人类提供优质蛋白质和必需的脂肪酸。 猪肉可提供血红素(有机铁) 和促进铁吸收的半胱氨酸, 能改善缺铁性贫血。 2. 补肾滋阴猪肉性平味甘, 有润肠胃、 生津液、 补肾气、 解热毒的功效, 主治热病伤津、 消渴羸瘦、 肾虚体弱、 产后血虚、 燥咳、 便秘、 补虚、 滋阴、 润燥、 滋肝阴、 润肌肤、 利小便和止消渴。 3. 润燥猪肉煮汤饮下可急补由于津液不足引起的烦燥、 干咳、 便秘和难产。 ", type: "dialog" }, outputs: [{ type: "wechat.text", property: { text: "猪肉的主要功效有: 1. 补充蛋白质和脂肪酸猪肉为人类提供优质蛋白质和必需的脂肪酸。 猪肉可提供血红素(有机铁) 和促进铁吸收的半胱氨酸, 能改善缺铁性贫血。 2. 补肾滋阴猪肉性平味甘, 有润肠胃、 生津液、 补肾气、 解热毒的功效, 主治热病伤津、 消渴羸瘦、 肾虚体弱、 产后血虚、 燥咳、 便秘、 补虚、 滋阴、 润燥、 滋肝阴、 润肌肤、 利小便和止消渴。 3. 润燥猪肉煮汤饮下可急补由于津液不足引起的烦燥、 干咳、 便秘和难产。 " } }, { type: "dialog", property: { text: "猪肉的主要功效有: 1. 补充蛋白质和脂肪酸猪肉为人类提供优质蛋白质和必需的脂肪酸。 猪肉可提供血红素(有机铁) 和促进铁吸收的半胱氨酸, 能改善缺铁性贫血。 2. 补肾滋阴猪肉性平味甘, 有润肠胃、 生津液、 补肾气、 解热毒的功效, 主治热病伤津、 消渴羸瘦、 肾虚体弱、 产后血虚、 燥咳、 便秘、 补虚、 滋阴、 润燥、 滋肝阴、 润肌肤、 利小便和止消渴。 3. 润燥猪肉煮汤饮下可急补由于津液不足引起的烦燥、 干咳、 便秘和难产。 ", emotion: "calm" } } ], score: "1.0", scoreColor: "c4", is_match: 1, id: "a59db76f-b773-41ee-a43f-17021f65b77b" }], meta_process_milliseconds: 105 } } ``` **详细参数说明** | 名称 | 类型 | 说明 | | :--- | :--- | :--- | | service | String | 服务名称 | | id | String |实体唯一ID | property | String |属性名称 | name | String |实体的名称